Assessment & Grading Practices

A.  What is the History of Grading?

Durm, Mark. Educational Forum (1993): “An A is Not an A: A History of Grading.” The Educational Forum vol. 57.

Schinske, J., & Tanner, K. (2014). Teaching More by Grading Less (or Differently). CBE Life Sciences Education13(2), 159–166. http://doi.org/10.1187/cbe.CBE-14-03-0054

Schneider Jack & Ethan Hutt. Journal of Curriculum Studies (2013): Making the grade: a history of the A–F marking scheme, Journal of Curriculum Studies.

B.  What is the state of Grading Today?

Balinghit, Moriah & Donna St. George. The Washington Post (2016). “Is it becoming to hard to fail? Schools are shifting toward no zero grading practices.” web.

Douglas B. Reeves, “The Case Against the Zero,” Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 86, No. 4, December 2004, pp. 324-325.

Grant, Adam. The New York Times (2016) “Why We Should Stop Grading on a Curve.” web.  

Lahey, Jessica.  The Atlantic (2014).  “Letter Grades Deserve an F.” 

Spencer, Kyle. The New York Times (2017) “A New Kind of Classroom: No Grades, No Failing, No Hurry.” 

Douglas B. Reeves, “The Case Against the Zero,” Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 86, No. 4, December 2004, pp. 324-325.